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暖通空調>期刊目次>2022年>第8期

住宅室內環境關聯SBS對大學生學習效率影響分析

Influence analysis of residential buildings’ indoor environment and SBS on learning efficiency of college students

周 恒 黃志甲 寇遵麗 管守俊 張 樣
安徽工業大學

摘要:

結合知覺現象學原理,提出觸覺、嗅覺、聽覺、視覺分類下室內環境因素關聯病態建筑綜合征(SBS)對學習效率的影響路徑結構方程模型(SEM)。采用AMOS軟件基于問卷調查數據擬合驗證并修正模型,同時分析了各SBS發生率和各學習效率自評項的相關性,結果表明:觸覺、聽覺、嗅覺通過影響SBS間接影響學習效率,影響權重分別為0.427、0.336、0.237;各分類下共保留10項因素,影響權重最大的為溫度(0.187),最小的為大自然的噪聲(0.057);室外人為噪聲對學習效率的影響僅次于溫度和濕度;患有“注意力不集中”癥狀人數占比最大,對學習質量影響最大,且與所有學習效率自評項均相關,學習區域室內環境的營造應該更加注重降低“注意力不集中”癥狀的發生。

關鍵詞:居住建筑;室內環境;病態建筑綜合征;學習效率;結構方程模型

Abstract:

Based on the principle of perceptual phenomenology, a path structure equation model (SEM) is proposed for the influence of indoor environmental factors associated with sick building syndrome (SBS) on learning efficiency under the classification of tactile,olfactory,auditory and visual. AMOS software is used to fit, verify and modify the model based on the questionnaire data. Meanwhile, the correlation between the incidence of SBS and the self-evaluation items of learning efficiency is analysed. The results show that tactile, auditory and olfactory indirectly affect learning efficiency through influencing SBS, and the influence weights are 0.427, 0.336 and 0.237. Ten factors are reserved under each classification, with the maximum influence weight being temperature (0.187) and the least being the noise of nature(0.057). The influence of outdoor artificial noise on learning efficiency is second only to temperature and humidity. The number of people suffering from “inattention” symptoms accounts for the largest proportion, which has the greatest impact on learning quality, and is related to all self-evaluation items of learning efficiency. The construction of an indoor environment in the learning area should pay more attention to reducing the occurrence of “inattention” symptoms.

Keywords:residentialbuilding;indoorenvironment;sickbuildingsyndrome(SBS);learningefficiency;structureequationmodel(SEM)

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